Occasionally the bones which host the teeth (the maxilla in the top part and the jawbone in the lower part) are not correctly positioned and/or their sizes are not proportionate. This stops the teeth from fitting together correctly. To correct these deformities of the face, a treatment is required which combines both orthodontics and orthognathic surgery.
Orthodontics is often the best ally for resolving other dental problems.
Gum problems: Overcrowding makes good hygiene very difficult, and therefore people with gum problems find it very beneficial to have their teeth correctly aligned. In addition, this permits a better distribution of the forces to which we subject our teeth, in such a way that we avoid them being exposed to excessive trauma.
Problems of space for the restoration of missing teeth if a lot of time is allowed to pass between the loss of a tooth and its replacement, the adjacent teeth may begin to lean in or move towards the remaining hollow. This causes undesirable changes in the bite, creating interferences which may impede correct closure and affect neighbouring teeth.
It also favours the appearance of defects in the bone and sacs in which bacteria proliferate. Replacing the tooth by inserting an implant, for example, may be impossible if due to these changes there is insufficient room. Orthodontics provides us with the opportunity to return the teeth to their correct positions, recovering the space lost.
Cosmetic problems a loss of bone in one of the front teeth is one of the most difficult problems to resolve and the one with the greatest aesthetic impact. When an incisor loses a lot of bone and the gum recedes, exposing the root of the tooth, the cosmetic consequences are devastating
Sometimes the root can be covered with a gum graft but on occasions, especially if there is tooth decay or a filling in the root or only a little of the root remaining inside the bone, it is necessary to move the tooth with orthodontics in order to improve the level of the gum.